Monja Masuri─Rajasimla

Monja Masuri─Rajasimla

It was originally called “Monja Monsori.” The modern hamlet of Rajasimla was given this name when it became the first Christian settlement on Garo land. The Bodo (or Katchari) tribe is said to have been the first to settle in this region. When they ultimately fled and abandoned the town, the man-eating tigers continued to visit it. It seems that the area was left vacant and grew a dense forest.

The Bodos
The Bodo people of Assam, Meghalaya, and Bangladesh speak Tibeto-Burman languages. The Bodo, Assam’s biggest minority community, live mostly in the northernmost portions of the Brahmaputra River Valley. Despite their previous involvement in shifting cultivation, the bulk of them are now permanent farmers. The Bodo people are divided into various tribes. Their eastern tribes are the Dimasa (or Hill Kachr), Galong (or Gallong), Hojai, Lalung, Tippera, and Moran, while their western tribes are the Ctiy, Plains Kachr, Rbh, Gro, Mech, Koch, Dhiml, and Jaijong. Until before 1825, the Bodo constituted the majority in Assam. In the late twentieth century, it was believed that there were around 2.2 million speakers of Bodo languages in India.

Some Practices among the Garos
Among the Gāro, the village headman is usually the husband of the heiress, the senior woman of the landowning lineage. He transmits his headman’s office to his sister’s son, who marries the headman’s daughter (the next heiress). The lineages of the male headmen and the female heiresses are thus in perpetual alliance. Political title and land title are both transmitted matrilineally, one through one lineage, the other through the other. There are a dozen subtribes, with varying customs and dialects, but all are divided into matrilineal clans. Marriages involve members of different clans. Polygamy is practiced. A man must marry his wife’s father’s widow, who is in such cases the husband’s father’s sister, actual or classificatory. Such a wife takes precedence over her daughter, to whom the husband is already married. A man’s sister’s son, called his nokrom, stands therefore in intimate relationship to him, as the husband of one of his daughters and ultimately of his widow and the vehicle through which his family’s interest in the property of his wife is secured for the next generation, for no male can inherit property.1

Naming as ‘Monja Monsori’
Bodos referred to the location as “Monja Monsori” in their native tongue. They gave it that name because it was said that a Garo woman who lived nearby hid her brass gong underwater in a deep pool out of fear that someone would steal it. But when she laboriously checked it again a few months later, she was shocked to discover that she could not locate it. As a result, the Boro people often say “Monja,” which is equivalent to the Garo “Manja” and means “Don’t get.” “Monsori” (Galor “Muni donga” equivalent) denotes the presence of a magic charm or spell. Because of this, “Monja Monsori” in Boro means “you won’t get anything if it’s hidden under this pool; there’s some magic char or spell.”2

Ran Mari
“Ran Mari” was actually “Rowmari,” the name of a village close to “Monja Monsori” that was later renamed “Raj Simina” or “Raja Simina,” and eventually became known as “Rajasimla.” This location was on the ancient footpath that led to the Matchokgre Hills’ Watrepara and Dambora villages. Rev. and Mrs. Bronson traveled to Rajasimla with two elephants donated by Campbell, a former British deputy commissioner sent to Goalpara, specifically for the journey to open the first-ever Christian church to be built on Garo soil.

Raj Simda
The border of the Bijni Kings’ kingdom was actually called “Raj Simina” or “Raja Simina.” Because the Bijni kings planted those “simul trees” or “silk-cotton trees,” “Bombax malabaricum” to mark their territory as their borders, this village later became known as “Raja Simula,” meaning “The King’s Simul Tree,” after the simul tree that stood there. This makes it clear that Bijni’s kingdom did not extend outside of this location to the hills. In the end, the village was given the name “RAJASIMLA” in the years following the founding of the Christian Church. Today, one of the sites contains a memorial made of a Simul tree stump.

Cotton Tree Stamp

“O God my Father, just as the cotton silk of this tree is blown away in different directions, so also let your Gospel spread to every corner of the Garo land and to all over the world.”


The Fallen Rock

The Fallen Rock

Our ancestors referred to Rongma Gitil as “Sindrak Amegol Achura Balnangra,” a place of perpetual wind and dry land. Rongma Gitil, which means “a Fallen Rock,” was not the name given to this location in ancient times because there was no rock there. Having only been created sixteen days earlier, the earth was still in its formative stages. The ancient god Dakgipa Rabuga distributed land and water equally and without discrimination to humans and gods at the same time as this specific incident. People were considered to be demigods back then.

Tale of Grimringpa Rikgapa Saljang Jamepa
The main occupants of this place were Grimring Rikgapa Saljang Jamepa and his wife Silje Ganje Noe Noche. By performing the rituals and constructing an altar, they both offered sacrifices to the gods, which caused the waters to flow. They farmed the land and raised a family while enjoying the view of the vast landscape from the top of the hill. They felt lonely and yearned for a friend despite the fact that the location is very comfortable. Then Grimringpa went to Sangreng Nidopa and requested a friend. Grimringpa’s request was granted by Sangreng, who then made himself at home there. Mringpa Rajapa Saljapa Danepa was a powerful and aggressive man in those times. He challenged anyone he came across on his journey while carrying a “Millam,” a two-edged Garo sword, and a “Seppi,” a shield. Mring traveled through Badaka, crossed the Ildek River, and then ascended through the Koasi Hills. He cunningly removed the eaves from Koasi Bachelor’s home. It looks like a crack in Koasi’s house in that way.

Fight between Grimringpa and Mringpa
Grimringpa’s residence was right where Mringpa arrived from the west. Outside the door, Grimringpa noticed Mringpa approaching while he was washing his feet in a nearby container. He was carrying a “gando makkal” (a loincloth worn by Garos to challenge) on his shoulders. As a challenge, Grimringpa asked about the cloth and attempted to take it by saying, “Give me that—let me see how thick and how strong it is.” “Huh…You have insulted me and challenged me,” Mringpa said, sensing that the challenge was an insult to him. They fought for seven days and seven nights as a result, which caused Mringpa to become extremely angry. On the sixth night, Mringpa took control of the battle and caught Grimringpa by breaking his wrist. He collapsed to the ground and lay down after becoming too weak to confront Mringpa. Mringpa took a chance and sent Grimringpa flying in the direction of his home. The owner of that house was crushed under the collapse and destruction of the structure. Mringpa, having defeated his adversary, threw his shield onto the roof that had collapsed and waited for a challenger to appear. He observed that nobody would approach him and assist Grimringpa. After leaving the area, Mringpa made the decision to take the defeated man’s possessions with him. Grimringpa’s next-door neighbor Sangreng could hear the loud argument from a distance. He took his sword and shield in order to protect his neighbor’s life, but when he went to look out, he was discouraged to see Grimringpa vanquished. He merely observed helplessly from a distance as Mringpa emerged triumphant. Over time, the roof that flattened and engulfed Grimringpa transformed into a massive stone. Back then, it was known as “RONGMA GITIL” or “FALLEN ROCK.”



Important Places in Rongma Gitil Area

Roong Danil
On top of Rongma Gitil, there is a formation known as Roong Danil or Stone Shield. It was created when Mring defeated Grimring and threw his shield onto the crumpled roof.

Sangreng Pattal
Sangreng heard it from a distance because Mring and Grimring’s fight lasted for seven days and seven nights. Sangreng took his sword and shield and went to look out for his neighbor Grimring out of concern for his safety, but he wanted to be intimidated when he saw Grimring defeated. So he stood and watched Mring walk away a winner. Sangreng Pattal is the name of that location.

Roong Dogachol
Roong Dogachol, a pass between two rocks, can be found on the way and away from the entrance on the left. On his way to Rongma Gitil, Mring allegedly forced his way through a door and left his mark.

Chi Wari
There was no water source on Rongma Gitil, which was dry land. On June 12, 1897, an earthquake caused the lake in the park’s center to form.

Doso Abri
Looking south, one can see someone perched atop Rongma Gitil. It is referred to as Doso Abri, or a Hill of Rotten Chickens. The location of Grimring’s grave was left empty by Mring. Additionally, he removed items that belonged to Grimring. Mring continued on his journey and arrived at a location known as Doso Abri. There, he left the chicken coop and poultry cage because he believed it was an unwise move. Due to their inability to escape the cage, the chickens rotted and died. As a result, the location is also known as Doso Abri, or a Hill of Rotten Chickens.

Way to Rongma Gitil
The NH-37, Dudnoi-Daranggiri Road via Kharkutta village, is the most direct route to Rongma Gitil. From the Daranggiri Banana Market in Assam, it takes no more than an hour and a half. Young and old, couples, families with children, friends, and so forth are examples of people. Many are occasionally coming to this location. Search this spot from Google map and type Rongma Gitil Eco Park.

Translated by Sendberg M Momin & Peary D Marak

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